Thyroid Disease Signs and Symptoms

Thyroid Disease Signs and Symptoms

Medical Author:

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD
Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler’s educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Doctor’s View on Thyroid Disease Signs and Symptoms

Comment by Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

Thyroid disease can strike anyone, although many types of thyroid diseases
are more common in adult women than in men, children, or teenagers. The specific
symptoms of thyroid disease depend upon the exact condition and whether the
thyroid gland is under- or over-producing thyroid hormone. In some cases,
thyroid disease may not have apparent symptoms.


If your thyroid hormone levels are too low, you can experience weight gain,
feeling cold, mental cloudiness, depression, menstrual changes,
fatigue, or fluid retention. Muscle aches, constipation, weakness, thinning
hair, and slowing of the pulse rate can occur. Mild hypothyroidism may not
produce symptoms. Sometimes the symptoms are so nonspecific that you might not
recognize them as signs of hypothyroidism, and the symptoms vary widely among
people. You may have symptoms come on slowly and be difficult to recognize;
sometimes people with hypothyroidism can be misdiagnosed as having psychological
or have other physical conditions. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (an autoimmune condition)
is a common cause of hypothyroidism.


If you have an overactive thyroid it can cause a rapid heart rate, tremor, nervousness,
sweating, increase in bowel movements, heat intolerance, fatigue, and weight
loss. As with hypothyroidism, symptoms vary in severity. Hyperthyroidism is less
common than hypothyroidism.

Thyroid cancer

A lump or nodule in the thyroid gland is the most common sign of thyroid
cancer. Most thyroid nodules, however, are not cancerous.

Read what other people are saying about thyroid disease symptoms and signs.

Thyroid Disease Signs and Symptoms Resources

Doctor written main article on Thyroid Disease

REFERENCE: Thyroiditis.

Last Editorial Review: 7/17/2013 6:00:18 PM

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